How to write a complex number(ℂ) symbol in LaTeX?

Mathematically, the set of complex numbers is denoted by the Blackboard bold ℂ. And the best way to represent this Blackboard bold symbol in latex is to use the mathbb command.

Symbol Complex number
Type Set
Package asmmath, amssymb
Command \mathbb{C}
Example \mathbb{C} → ℂ
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ \mathbb{C} $$
  $$ \{z,\overline{z}\} \in \mathbb{C} $$
\end{document}

Output :

symbol of complex number set

Equations of a complex number have two parts, real and imaginary. The real part is represented by the symbol and the imaginary part by the symbol.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ z=a+ib $$
  $$ i^2=-1 $$
  $$ \Re(z)=a $$
  $$ \Im(z)=b $$
\end{document}

Output :

symbol of complex equation

Real and complex part in LaTeX

The real and complex part has been denoted in different ways in different books. So, there are some morphological differences. You look at this table below

Package Commands
Default \Re, \Im
amsmath \operatorname
amsfonts \mathfrak
physics \Re, \Im
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amsfonts}
\begin{document} 
  $$ \Re(z),\Im(z) $$ 
  $$ \operatorname{Re}(z), \operatorname{Im}(z) $$ 
  $$ \mathfrak{Re}(z), \mathfrak{Im}(z) $$ 
\end{document}

Output :

Real and complex part symbol in latex

And the same command is present in the physics package to define complex and real parts. For example

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{physics}
\begin{document} 
  $$ z=a+ib $$ 
  $$ \Re{z}=a $$
  $$ \Im{z}=b $$ 
\end{document}

Output :

Real and complex part with physics package

Complex number conjugation in LaTex

If you denote the complex number by z, then the conjugation of the complex number has to be denoted by z bar.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document} 
  $$ z=a+ib $$ 
  $$ \bar{z}=a-ib $$ 
 \end{document}

Output :

complex conjugate symbol in latex

But, you should not use the \bar command to use this bar symbol on more than one character. Because the bar symbol will not cover more than one character.

In this case, you need to use the \overline command. As a result, the bar symbol will be positioned responsibly on more than one character.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{physics}
\begin{document} 
  $$ \bar{z_{1}z_{2}} $$
  $$ \overline{z_{1}z_{2}} $$
 \end{document}

Output :

complex conjugate symbol with physics package 

One request!

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