How to write exponentiation and exponential functions in LaTeX?

The use of superscripts has been shown in each case of this content. Exponentiation is formed by the combination of base and exponent or power.

(base)(exp) like xn, ak.

Power or exponent will always be defined by superscript, for which latex has base^{exponent} syntax.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ (Base)^{exponent} $$
  $$ x^n,K^n,p^q $$
  $$ e^{\ln(x)} $$
\end{document}

Output :

printing base and exponent in latex.

If the length of the exponent or power is more than a single character, the whole exponent must pass through the curly bracket.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ x^pq \quad x^{pq} $$
  $$ c^nk \quad c^{nk} $$
  $$ x^a\ln (x) \quad x^{a\ln (x)} $$
\end{document}

Output :

use of superscript in latex.

Exponential functions in LaTeX

Exponential functions are written in two ways. The first uses the base as e and the second uses the exponent as an argument in the exp function.

In latex, There is a pre-defined command for exp function.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ e^x \quad \exp(x) $$
  $$ e^{\ln(x)} \quad \exp(\ln x) $$
  $$ e^{n^2} \quad \exp(n^2) $$
  $$ e^{1/x} \quad \exp(1/x) $$
  $$ e^{\ln x/x} \quad \exp^{\ln x/x} $$
  $$ (e^z)^n \quad \exp(nz) $$
\end{document}

Output :

Exponential functions in LaTeX.

epow and exp(pow) which is best?

Have you ever wondered why this exponential function is defined in two ways? The main reason for this is to maintain the beauty of mathematical expression.

Below are some examples that will help you differentiate between the two cases. And you can easily understand what is right and what is wrong.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
  $$ e^{(\frac{x}{x+1})} \quad \exp\left(\frac{x}{x+1}\right) $$
  $$ e^{\ln x +k} \quad \exp(\ln x + k) $$
  $$ e^{(\frac{\sin x}{x})} \quad \exp\left(\frac{\sin x}{x}\right) $$
  $$ e^{\ln x^{\ln x}} \exp\left(\ln x^{\ln x}\right) $$
\end{document}

Output :

In this case use of exponential function is the best practice in latex.

Use continuous fractions for ex

You may have noticed that the exponential function is written with the help of continuous fractions but in this case,  \cfrac{num}{den} best practice instead of \frac{num}{den} command.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
  $$ e^x = 1+\cfrac{x}{1-\cfrac{x}{x+2 -\cfrac{2x}{x+3-\cfrac{3x}{x+4-\cfrac{4x}{\ddots}}}}} $$
  $$ e^z = 1+\cfrac{2z}{2-z+\cfrac{z^2}{6 +\cfrac{z^2}{10+\cfrac{z^2}{14+\cfrac{z^2}{\ddots}}}}} $$
\end{document}

Output :

Use continuous fractions for e^x.

One request!

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