How to denote diagonal dots symbol in LaTeX?

Latex diagonal dots are the sum of three dots located along the diagonal. This diagonal dots symbol is represented by the \ddots command.

Properties Value
Symbol Diagonal dots
Package Default
Command \ddots
Argument No
Example \ddotslatex diagonal dots

These diagonal dots are used to represent a matrix with n number of elements.


Output :

latex diagonal dots

And you see the diagonal matrix where the elements of the matrix are arranged just along the diagonal. In that case, only the latex diagonal dots symbol is used.

   a_{1} &  & \\ 
   & \ddots & \\ 
   &  & a_{n}

Output :

 latex diagonal matrix

Inverse diagonal dots

Inverse diagonal dots are located in a diagonal direction from south-west to north-east.

Latex has more than one command and method to represent this inverse diagonal dots symbol.

Package Command
MySymbol \udots
Mathdots \iddots
yhmath \adots
graphicx \reflectbox{…}
  $$ \iddots $$
  $$ \udots $$
  $$ \adots $$
  $$ \reflectbox{$\ddots$}$$

Output :

Inverse diagonal dots symbol in latex

$\ddots$ is passed as an argument in \reflectbox command which converts diagonal dots symbol to inverse diagonal dots symbol. And for this you need to take the help of graphicx package.

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