**Vertical dots are a symbol consisting of a combination of three dots along the vertical.** With the help of this vertical dot symbol, I represent different mathematical expressions. Such as the matrix.

Properties | Value |

Symbol | Vertical dots symbol |

Package | Default |

Command | \vdots |

Argument | No |

Example | \vdots → |

To represent latex vertical dots symbol, you need to use the \vdots command.

```
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
$$\vdots$$
\end{document}
```

**Output :**

In matrix, when n numbers element are arranged along the row. In that case, vertical dots symbol is used instead of representing all the elements in the matrix along the vertical row.

```
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
$$\begin{bmatrix}
a_{11}& a_{12} & a_{13} \\
a_{21}& a_{22} & a_{23} \\
\vdots & \vdots & \vdots \\
a_{n1} & a_{n2} & a_{n3}
\end{bmatrix} $$
\end{document}
```

**Output :**

To represent the matrix with latex, you first need to create a matrix environment. And then you have to insert the elements in the matrix.